IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) Center
In Vitro Fertilization
Important Details About In Vitro Fertilization
Infertile couples may face concerns and have disappointment due to false facts about in vitro fertilization and unduly procedures. However, ever advancing technology and good coordination between the couple and the doctor can enable healthy conception.
Happy End by Advancing Technology
In vitro fertilization is based on the principle of fertilizing eggs with sperm in the laboratory and transferring the fertilized egg to the uterine cavity for women, who cannot conceive although many treatment methods are tried. Briefly, it is called assisted reproductive technology (ART). This procedure is usually employed in women with ovulation problem due to advanced age or if the egg cannot be fertilized by sperm, as the Fallopian tubes are occluded. It can also be reserved for women with idiopathic infertility, chocolate cyst and some genetic diseases. Advanced treatments are performed for male infertility. For male patients with no or too low sperm in semen, the spouse may get pregnant by directly injecting the sperms collected from testicles with fine needle aspiration into the uterine cavity.
First Treatment, Next In Vitro Fertilization
Conception requires presence of fifteen million sperms. In vitro fertilization is recommended, when the figure is below 5 million. Recently, idiopathic infertility is somewhat a prevalent condition. In this clinical picture, no specific cause can be detected in examinations carried out in people who seek help from physicians. In this case, intrauterine insemination is first tried followed by in vitro fertilization, if the former one fails.
A Natural Pregnancy
The in vitro fertilization pregnancies follow a routine pregnancy period. Here, the procedure is fertilizing the egg with sperm in laboratory environment, as something hinders the interaction between the sperm and the egg.
Activities of Daily Life Are Resumed in Treatment
The individual continues daily life routines throughout this treatment. It is necessary to rest for one day after the embryo is transferred. However, the patient should avoid stress and feel comfortable throughout the in vitro fertilization therapy.
In Vitro Fertilization Center
Significant investigations are made in the clinic to increase success rate of in vitro fertilization treatment; in addition, preimplantation genetic diagnosis methods are available for families with risk of genetic disease.
Hysteroscopy eliminates anomalies that may negatively influence the success, such as intrauterine polyp, synechia and septum. Moreover, elimination of intra-abdominal pathologies that involve Fallopian tubes and ovaries, primarily including hydrosalpinx and endometrioma, not only increases rates of conception and birth of living newborns, but it also reduces risk of miscarriage.
Blastocyst Transfer (Blastocyst culture)
It enables selection of embryos with highest potential of implantation by shifting the development of the embryo to the last stage before the implantation. Multiple pregnancy can be avoided by transferring less embryos with high potential of development and viability.
Embryo and Oocyte Cryopreservation
Healthy embryos not transferred to the womb are frozen. The same procedure is also carried out for picking up oocytes in patients with risk of early menopause or who will be started on cancer treatment.
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Since genetically intact embryos are selected and transferred, conception rates increase and miscarriage rates decrease. ACGH test enables analysis of 23-pair chromosomes.