Pathology deals with recognizing the structural and functional changes in the cells, tissues and organs related to diseases by naked eye or with lenses, researching and examining them. People specialized in Pathology analyzing the diseases of not only humans but also animals and plants are called Pathologists. At the Department of Pathology of Okan University Hospital, internationally recognized standards including the diagnosis, treatment and prognostic morphologic molecular and genetic changes. All of the procedures performed at Okan University where high level system including macroscopic evaluation, microscopic examinations, intraoperative urgent diagnosis, histo-chemistry (special tissue painting technique) and immunohistochemistry (special smart molecule marking method), molecular analyses, mutation analyses and recognition and capture of cancer cells through smart molecules are performed under the scrutiny of the Ministry of Health and JCI (Joint Commission International) and CAP (College of American Pathologist) where international standards are required.
At Okan University Pathology Department where the treatment is performed as required by the entire information regarding treatment after diagnosis and the course of the disease as indicated in international standards and guides; for instance, the macroscopic evaluation starts in the day when it is delivered to the department. And in the 1st day microscopic examination is concluded. The result is delivered to the patient within 2 to 6 days with other procedures. Staring off with the patient-oriented care understanding, Okan University Hospital continues this understanding in the Pathology Department, too. Expert pathologists serve in this department for the fastest and most accurate results in line with multi-disciplinary working principals.
The primary purpose of Pathology is to analyze the diseases in 4 aspects:
Etiology: Onset of diseases
Pathogenesis: Disease formation mechanism
Morphological changes: Structural malfunctions in the relevant cells, tissues and organs
Clinic precaution: Clinic importance of the disease
Samples analyzed in pathology:
- Small tissues taken from the body with biopsy,
- Organs removed with surgery,
- Bodily liquids such as urine and phlegm,
- Liquids taken from the surface organs and tissues such as thyroid, breast, lymph node,
- Samples received from vagina and cervix
Methods of Pathology:
Methods used in physics, chemistry, anatomy, histology and bacteriology are applied in pathology. Another method used in pathology is autopsy.