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Pediatric Endocrinology

The system comprised of internal secretory glands is called endocrine system. These glands are the organs which synthesize and secrete hormones. Hormones regulate development, growth, reproduction and metabolism. Endocrinology is a discipline of medicine that deals with hormonal and metabolic balance of the body and related problems and diseases. Pediatric endocrinology is the medical division that deals with endocrinologic problems of patients from neonatal period to the age of 18 years (infants, toddlers, children and young adolescents).

Which diseases are diagnosed and treated?

1. Diseases of Growth and Development

  • Growth and development retardation
  • Short stature and growth hormone deficiency
  • Lack of appetite
  • Inability to gain weight and leanness
  • Turner Syndrome
  • Excessive growth

2. Diseases of glucose balance

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Insulin resistance
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Obesity

3. Diseases of thyroid gland

  • Goiter
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Hashimoto Disease

4. Diseases related to adolescence:

  • Early adolescence
  • Delayed puberty
  • Hirsutism
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Polycystic ovary

5. Diseaes related to sexual development

  • Small penis
  • Undescended testis
  • Gender uncertainty

6. Adrenal gland diseases

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Adrenal failure
  • Overproduction of cortisone

7. Diseases of bone and calcium

  • Low level of calcium
  • High level of calcium
  • Rickets
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Osteoporosis
  • Parathyroid Diseases